Using The Linking R Sound In English | DailyStep English

The Linking R Sound In English Pronunciation

How can I use the Linking R sound in English?

Pronounce Linking R In English

This free English pronunciation lesson will help you to speak more natural English, speak English quickly and also to understand English a lot more easily. Please listen and practise this lesson a few times until you can understand and use the Linking R sound correctly.

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How to use the Linking R sound in English pronunciation
(by Jane Lawson at DailyStep.com)

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The Linking R sound in English is an extra sound that we use between two words when we are connecting these two words together. If we pronounce the two words separately, we do not use an R sound between them but if we pronounce them together, we say an R sound between the words because it makes the words easier to pronounce quickly. 

Listen to these pairs of words. The first time, I will say them separately, and the second time I will pronounce them together:

Four apples - four apples - Here and now - Here and now

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We use a linking R sound when the first word ends with one of these simple vowel sounds: /ɑ:/, /ɔ:/, /ɜ:/, /ə/, or with any of these diphthongs (double sounds): //, /ɪə/ and /ʊə/, and the second word begins with a vowel sound. 
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In the examples below, you can hear that there is no linking R sound where each underlined word starts with a consonant sound. But where each underlined word starts with a vowel sound, we add a linking R so that the words can be said more quickly and easily.
 

 

End sound of first word

Examples

No linking R sound

Linking R sound

ɑ:

car

spa

The car was mine.

The spa was closed.

The car R is mine.

The spa R is open.

ɔ:

door

saw

The door was blue.

I saw two cats.

The door R is open.

I saw R a cat.

ɜ:

were

her

There were three dogs.

Her coat is black.

There were R eight dogs.

Her R eyes are brown.

ə

brother

future

My brother lives there.

The future will come.

My brother R is younger.

The future R is bright.

hair

wear

His hair was dark.

I wear this coat.

His hair R is dark.

I wear R it to work.

ɪə

year

steer

A year lasts for 12 months.

Steer the car this way.



 

A year R is 12 months long.

Steer R it with a wheel.

ʊə

pure

cure

Pure gold is valuable

Can we cure cancer?

Is this gold pure R or not?

Can we cure R it?


Now, try saying the sentences that have the Linking R sound quickly, but without using the Linking R. I will try some now, first without using the Linking R – and you will hear that they sound quite unnatural – and then using the linking R correctly.

The car is mine -    the car is mine

I saw a cat -   I saw a cat

His hair is dark -   His hair is dark

Sometimes the Linking R sound can confuse English learners. Listen to these pairs of words – they sound the same!

Her eyes   -    Her rise

Their age  -    Their rage

Her ace     -    Her race


 

So it is very important to be aware of the Linking R sounds because otherwise you can hear the wrong words! If you are a DailyStep subscriber, you can download this audio file, and there is also a free PDF file for everyone to download. Now, I'll introduce you to the topics coming soon in our regular DailyStep Audio Lessons!

 

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How To Use Linking R Sound In English Pronunciation