Quiz and Lesson - English Auxiliary Verbs BE, HAVE and DO | DailyStep English

Quiz and Lesson - English Auxiliary Verbs BE, HAVE and DO

 

Jane Lawson English teacher Hello, I'm Jane at DailyStep English!

Please try this free Quiz and Audio Lesson on Auxiliary Verbs  - and check that you can use them without the main verb.  There are also some free audio descriptions of all the topics in this week's DailyStep audio lessons. If you are new to DailyStep English, please register for 5 free UK-USA audio lessons and to be on my mailing list. 

Now, first, try this QUIZ:

 Auxiliary Verbs

(Jane Lawson at DailyStep.com)

 

Thank you for all your many requests asking me to explain this topic. The word ‘auxiliary’ means ‘helper’, or ‘giving help’. Auxiliary verbs help to make the tense or structure of a main verb, but they do not give it any special meaning. English verb structures often consist of more than one word. For example, in the sentence “Do you like tea?”, the main verb is like, and the auxiliary verb is do.

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There are only 3 auxiliary verbs in English, DO, HAVE and BE. We use auxiliary verbs for making verb tenses, for example “I am visiting my mother”, and also for making negative and question forms of verbs, for example “I don’t know this song. Do you know it?”

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We also use auxiliary verbs on their own, without the main verb, and this is where they often get confusing! Here are 2 situations where we use them on their own:

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1. We use auxiliary verbs on their own when we want to give a short reply.

Examples: 

1. “I like Chinese food.” “So do I.” 
(note: this means “I like Chinese food too.”)

2. “They have never been to Egypt.” “Neither has he.” 

(note: this means “He has never been to Egypt either.” We can use ‘nor’ instead of ‘neither.’)

3. “He loves travelling.” “So does my mother.” 
(note: this means “My mother loves travelling too.”)

4. “I don’t like hot, spicy food much.” “He doesn’t either.” 
(note: this means “He doesn’t like hot, spicy food either.” Here, we can also say “Neither does he.”)

5. “Did you find your bags?” ‘Yes I did.” 
(note: this means “Yes, I found them.”)

6. “Have you finished your work?” “No, I haven’t.” 
(note: this means “No, I have not finished it.”)

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2. We also use auxiliary verbs on their own when we want to add to a sentence without repeating the main verb.

Examples: 
1. He asked if I was going and I said I wasn’t. 
(note: this means “I said I was not going.”)

2. Make sure you back up your data because if you don’t you might lose it.
(note: this means “if you do not back up your data you might lose it.”)

3. She had already eaten when I called but he hadn’t. 
(note: this means “he had not eaten when I called.”)

4. He eats more than I do. 
(note: this means “He eats more than I eat.”)

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Now, try to write your own sentences using these expressions. Try to write examples that are true to your own life, as this will help you to remember them better. 

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